For Home Buyers: About Closing Costs

Common Closing Costs for Buyers

The bundle of fees associated with the buying or selling of a home are called closing costs. Certain fees are automatically assigned to either the buyer or the seller; other costs are either negotiable or dictated by local custom. Your lender must disclose a good faith estimate of all settlement costs. The title company or other entity conducting the closing will tell you the required amount to bring to the closing.

Typical Buyer Closing Costs

* Down payment

* Loan origination fees

* Points, or loan discount fees you pay to receive a lower interest rate

* Appraisal fee

* Credit report

* Private mortgage insurance premium

* Insurance escrow for homeowners insurance, if being paid as part of the mortgage

* Property tax escrow, if being paid as part of the mortgage.


About escrows- lenders keep funds for taxes and insurance in escrow accounts as they are paid with the mortgage, then pay the insurance or taxes for you. Note: when financing more than 80% (LTV), escrowed property taxes and insurance are required, which will increase your monthly mortgage payment.

* Deed recording fees

* Title insurance policy premiums

* Survey

* Inspection fees—building inspection, termites, etc.

* Notary fees

* Prorations for your share of costs such as utility bills and property taxes

A Note About Prorations – At the closing, certain costs are often prorated (or distributed) between buyer and seller. Because such costs are usually paid on either a monthly or yearly basis, you might have to pay a bill for services used by the sellers before they moved. Proration is a way for the sellers to pay you back or for you to pay them for bills they may have paid in advance.

The most common prorations are for property taxes. This is because property taxes are typically paid at the end of the year for which they were assessed. Thus, if a house is sold in June, the sellers will have lived in the house for half the year, but the bill for the taxes won’t come due until the following year. To make this situation more equitable, the taxes are prorated. In this example, the sellers will credit the buyers for half the taxes at closing.


This post has been authored by Eric Slifkin, REALTOR® serving South Florida’s Treasure Coast. You can reach me at 888-288-1765, or visit my Web site. As your resource for information on new or resale homes throughout the Treasure Coast, please be sure to contact me about any home you may find on the Web, yard sign or ad and I will research the property, arrange showings and handle all the details.